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Bangladesh is bounded by the State of West Bengal in the West, State of Assam in the North, State of Tripura in the East and Bay of Bengal in the South. The two sea ports of Bangladesh are Chittagong and Mongla. There is a dry port situated in Dhaka known as Kamalapur ICD, the only ICD in the Country linked by Rail connection.

Chittagong Port

The Chittagong Port is the main seaport of Bangladesh located on the bank of the Karnaphuli River, and is the core port of countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal. According to Lloyd's, it ranked as the 58th busiest container port in the world in 2019. Located in the Bangladeshi port city of Chittagong and on the banks of the Karnaphuli River, the port of Chittagong handles ninety percent of Bangladesh's export-import trade, and has been used by India, Nepal and Bhutan to join for transshipment. The port is one of the oldest in the world.

Congestion is a major challenge in Chittagong port. The port had a congestion rate of 84.3 hours between January and July in 2017.


·         General Cargo Berths : 10 nos

·         Container Berths : 06 nos

 Navigation Info

·         Max permissible draft range from 8.50 Meter to 9.20 Meter

·         LOA: 188 Meter

·         Pilotage is compulsory

·         Night navigation is restricted to the Vessels having 153 Meter Length Overall

 Port of Mongla

The Port of Mongla is the second busiest seaport of Bangladesh. It is located in Bagerhat District in the southwestern part of the country; and lies 62 kilometres (39 mi) north of the Bay of Bengal coastline. Mongla is one of the major ports of the Bengal delta. Mongla is located 48 kilometres (30 mi) from the city of Khulna, which is a regional industrial center. Due to increasing congestion in Bangladesh's largest port in Chittagong, many international shipping companies have turned to Mongla as an alternative.

Mongla is a gateway for tourist ships traveling to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the region, including the Sundarbans and the Mosque City of Bagerhat. The port also hosts the Mongla Export Processing Zone (Mongla EPZ).

The port has 11 jetties and 8 warehouses. It uses 12 swinging moorings in deeper sections in the river. The port is connected by the Bangladesh Railway to the Khulna Metropolitan Area.

In 2015–16, 636 ships used Mongla port Mongla is connected to most major ports in the world, particularly Asian ports. Hundreds of ships use the port each year, most of which come via Singapore, Hong Kong and Colombo. Mongla is also connected to most inland ports in Bangladesh, including the Port of Dhaka and the Port of Narayanganj.

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